trauma related disorders
Stress Disorder (ASD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Acute stress disorder is diagnosed when the early reactions
to trauma are severe.
The symptoms are:
memories, flashbacks and nightmares about the traumatic
||Avoidance of places,
people or any other reminders of the incident.
||A constant state of
tension and “red alert”.
||A sense of unreality,
numbness or amnesia.
symptoms persist for longer than four weeks the diagnosis
of posttraumatic stress disorder is appropriate. This
condition should be taken seriously because it can have
far reaching effects on your life. It occurs in a relatively
small percentage of people, approximately 2% to 7% of
trauma victims, but certain types of trauma, such as
rape, child abuse and military combat can cause a much
Symptoms of depression, anxiety, panic and substance
abuse are often associated with PTSD, but these symptoms
can also occur without PTSD.
Treatment for psychological and emotional trauma
In order to heal from psychological and emotional trauma,
you must face and resolve the unbearable feelings and
memories you’ve long avoided. Otherwise they will
return again and again, unbidden and uncontrollable.
Trauma treatment and healing involves
trauma-related memories and feelings
||Learning how to regulate
||Building or rebuilding
the ability to trust other people
||Revising your thinking
about the trauma
therapies are commonly used in the treatment of emotional
and psychological trauma and have proven effectiveness:
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization
and Reprocessing) incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioural
therapy with eye movements or other forms of rhythmic,
lateral (left-right stimulation). In a typical EMDR
therapy session, you focus on traumatic memories and
associated negative emotions and beliefs while tracking
your therapist’s moving finger with your eyes.
These back-and-forth eye movements are thought to work
by “unfreezing” traumatic memories, allowing
you to resolve them.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy helps
you process and evaluate your thoughts and feelings
about a trauma and to reprocess trauma memories. This
involves revisiting the triggers of bad memories and
gradually desensitising. This re-exposure often frightens
traumatised persons off treatment, but with the help
of a skilful therapist the process is not as painful
as it may seem.
Finding the right therapist may take some time. It’s
very important that the therapist you choose is specialised
and experienced in treating trauma. However, the quality
of the relationship with your therapist is equally important.
Choose a trauma specialist you feel comfortable with.
Trust your instincts. If you don’t feel safe,
respected, or understood – find another therapist.
There should be a sense of trust and warmth between
you and your therapist.